Depending on the type of products you intend to register, you may find yourself trying to figure out whether your meat or poultry, egg, or red meat product is regular by the FDA or if it needs to be evaluated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
USDA oversees poultry. Poultry is classified as any tamed bird based on the Poultry Products Inspection Act (PPIA). Think of common birds like chickens, turkeys, and ducks. USDA will also inspect less common birds like emus, for example. Non-specified will, therefore, be regulated by the FDA, such as wild turkeys or wild geese, for instance.
USDA also controls sheep, pigs, goats, horses, and mules, to name a few. Furthermore, they also hold jurisdiction over the carcasses and parts of these animals. Non-specified red meat comes under FDA control, such as bison, goats, game birds, zoo animals, and any species of deer, like elk.
The shell eggs of animals like domestic chickens, ducks, or geese fall under the control of the FDA. Egg processing plants, such as plants responsible for cleaning, sorting, and stacking eggs, are regulated by the FDA. Egg goods fall within USDA jurisdiction, such as roasted, fried, or liquid eggs. The USDA does, however, oversee egg processing plants.
The FDA takes care of products not specified in the definition of “egg products” by the USDA and for institutions not protected by the USDA. Restaurants, a bakery, and cake mixing plants are a few examples.
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